The History and Architecture of Marbella: A Walking Tour of the City’s Landmarks


Marbella is a city located in the southern part of Spain, in the province of Malaga, and is known for its stunning beaches, lively nightlife, and rich history. The city’s architecture is a reflection of its past, with a mix of Moorish, Gothic, and Renaissance styles. In this article, we will take a walking tour of the city’s landmarks, exploring their history and architecture.

Old Town: A Glimpse of Marbella’s Past

Our walking tour begins in the Old Town, or “Casco Antiguo,” which is the historical center of Marbella. This area is home to many charming narrow streets, whitewashed buildings, and a variety of historic landmarks. One of the most prominent landmarks in the Old Town is the Plaza de los Naranjos, which is a beautiful square surrounded by orange trees and historic buildings. This square dates back to the fifteenth century and was once a meeting place for the city’s rulers.

Another notable landmark in the Old Town is the Castle Walls, which were built during the ninth and tenth centuries. The walls served as a fortress to protect the city from invaders, and today, visitors can still see parts of the original walls that have been preserved.

Moorish Architecture: The Legacy of Al-Andalus


As we stroll through Marbella, we’ll witness how the Moors, who reigned over the Iberian Peninsula for 700 years, influenced much of the city’s architecture. One of the most remarkable exemplars of Moorish-style buildings is the Alcazaba, a fortress built during the eleventh century. Positioned atop a hill, it overlooks the city and the sea, and played a crucial role as a stronghold in the Moorish era.

The city’s mosque is another excellent illustration of Moorish architecture, dating back to the tenth century. After the Christian Reconquest, the mosque was converted into a church and later renamed the Church of Saint Mary.

Gothic Architecture: The Influence of Christianity

Following the Christian Reconquest of Marbella in the fifteenth century, the city underwent a period of Christianization, leading to the construction of many Gothic-style buildings. The Iglesia de la Encarnaci├│n is one of the most distinguished Gothic structures in Marbella, erected in the sixteenth century. Located in the heart of the Old Town, this church is well-known for its ornate facade and exquisite stained glass windows.

The Casa del Corregidor, another example of Gothic architecture in Marbella, is a historic building dating back to the sixteenth century. This building was once the home of the city’s magistrate, and today it is a frequently visited tourist attraction.

Renaissance Architecture: The Age of Elegance


Marbella underwent a cultural and artistic revival during the Renaissance era, leading to the construction of numerous sophisticated buildings. One of the most striking examples of Renaissance architecture is the Hospital Baz├ín, erected in the sixteenth century. Designed to provide medical assistance to the impoverished and ill, the hospital’s elegant architecture is a tribute to the Renaissance period’s significance in social welfare.

The Casa del Duque de Lerma, a seventeenth-century historic building, is another illustration of Renaissance-style architecture in Marbella. Once the abode of the Duke of Lerma, one of Spain’s most powerful figures during the seventeenth century, this structure is renowned for its magnificent design and opulent interior.


Whether you’re interested in history, architecture, or simply relaxing on the beach, Marbella has something to offer everyone. With its beautiful landscapes, fascinating history, and diverse culture, it’s no wonder that this is such a popular destination for travelers from all over the world.