Masonry Repair 101: What You Need to Know About the Basics


A building’s durability and security depend on maintaining its structural integrity. Bricks, stones, and concrete are used in the masonry construction process. Construction companies frequently use this material. The objective of this article is to provide the reader with a comprehension of masonry repair. Let`s dive in!

Types of Masonry


Masonry is a construction technique that involves the assembly of materials such as bricks, stones, and concrete blocks to create structures. Various classifications exist for brickwork, each possessing distinct attributes. Several commonly utilized varieties of masonry include:

Brick Masonry

The utilization of brick masonry is prevalent in the field of masonry. The construction process entails the utilization of clay-based bricks that undergo high-temperature firing within a kiln.

Mortar is a composite material comprising cement, sand, and water, which is employed for the purpose of bonding bricks together.

Stone Masonry

The craft of stone masonry necessitates a distinct set of abilities and expertise in construction. The process entails utilizing indigenous stones, namely limestone, sandstone, and granite, to construct edifices.

Stones are frequently employed in the field of construction, where they are meticulously crafted and arranged to achieve a snug and stable interlocking pattern.

Concrete masonry


Concrete masonry is a construction technique that utilizes concrete blocks or precast concrete panels to construct buildings. Concrete blocks are made up of cement, sand, and water. Steel bars can also be added to increase their structural strength.

Concrete is a cost-effective and durable material commonly used in construction. It also offers fire resistance.

Glass Block Masonry

The construction technique that involves the use of glass blocks for creating walls and windows is commonly referred to as “glass block masonry.” When two glass pieces are joined through fusion, a void is created in the center.

The utilization of glass block stonework presents an aesthetically pleasing appearance and affords privacy while allowing for the ingress of natural light into a given space.

Adobe Masonry

For adobe construction, sun-dried mud bricks are used to build buildings. Adobe is a building material that is good for the environment and cheap, but it can be damaged by water and worn down over time.

Signs of Masonry Damage



Cracks in masonry can be caused by shifting dirt, settling of the structure, or wear and tear from the weather. Small cracks may not be a big deal, but ones that go all the way through the mortar or bricks may be a sign of a bigger problem.

Walls That Stick Out or Bow

The presence of bulging or bowing walls indicates a significant amount of pressure being exerted upon the structure of the building. This phenomenon may be attributed to the instability of the foundation or the expansion of the soil.

Timely resolution of this issue is crucial, as failure to do so may result in structural instability and potential wall collapse.

Water Damage


Concrete structures frequently encounter issues related to water damage. Efflorescence, a white powder that accumulates on the surface of masonry, can be a potential outcome.

Additionally, it may result in the growth of fungi such as rot, mold, or mildew. Failure to address water damage can compromise the integrity of a building’s framework and give rise to a host of additional complications.

Loose or missing mortar.

Mortar is the binding material used to connect and secure bricks and stones. In the event of a weak or absent mortar, displacement of bricks or stones may occur, leading to further structural impairment. This issue is frequently encountered in aged residential properties.

Chimneys That Lean

A chimney that is falling is a sign of major structural problems. It could mean problems with the base or damage from bad weather.

What Tools and Materials Are Needed to Fix Masonry?


To fix masonry buildings successfully, you need to use the right tools and materials. Here are some of the most important tools and supplies for brick repair:


  • Hammer: A hammer is used to break up rocks or stones that are broken.
  • Chisel: A chisel is used to get rid of mortar between stones or bricks.
  • A trowel is used to put new mortar in the cracks.
  • Mason’s Level: A mason’s level is used to make sure that the fix is level and plumb.
  • Joint Raker: A joint raker is used to get the old mortar out of the joints.
  • Mortar Mixing Tray: New mortar is mixed in a mortar mixing tray.


    • Mortar is used to hold together bricks or stones. It is made by mixing cement, sand, and water together.
  • Bricks or Stones: If bricks or stones are too broken to fix, they may need to be replaced.
  • Anchors for brickwork: Anchors for Masonry are used to keep brickwork in place on other materials.
  • Flashing is a thin strip of metal that keeps water from getting into the brickwork.
  • Sealant: Sealant is used to keep water from damaging the brickwork.



Maintaining the structural integrity of a building requires routine masonry maintenance. Knowing the type of brickwork you have, being able to recognize damage, and having the proper equipment and supplies are all necessary for a successful repair. It’s crucial to act soon to prevent the structure from growing worse, whether you choose to handle the issue yourself or employ a professional.

If you’re looking for reliable and efficient masonry repair in Northern Virginia, look no further than Paragon Remodeling. With their team of skilled professionals and years of experience, they can handle any type of masonry repair, from brick and stone to concrete.

Paragon Remodeling’s commitment to quality and customer satisfaction ensures that your repair will be done right the first time, giving you peace of mind knowing that your structure is safe and secure.